The rise and fall of Harlem: the conspiracy to retake Harlem. Fact or Fiction? Part five

This will
be a sought of pre-recap/summary before I conclude this series in the next and
final part. (Part 6) so the bottom line is this, like it or not, black people
were not brought over to America in slave ships to be producers for themselves (or
ourselves). No, instead we were brought over here to the HELLS of North America
to be producers for white America. We were not brought over here to help the Native
Americans. We brought over here to be fools and tools for white America. Surely
you didn’t think that the enemy brought us 9,000 miles from Africa to America
so he could help us open up a steak and take, or a boutique or to help us get a
SBA loan so we may do for self.  And this
is not hate or rhetoric; this is the un-disputable, in-refutable un-deniable
fact, proof and history of our sojourn in America.

  • From the author
    Samuel Goode in his book entitled “Turning to the south” he states the
    following: “and all the gold mines of
    the world have not produced enough gold in 500 years to pay for thirty crops of
    the south’s cotton, and all the silver mines of the world for same 500 years
    produced $500,000,000 less than the value of the south’s thirty years cotton
    crop
    .”
  • From the Atlanta Constitution it calculated that
    the thirty years after emancipation “ the
    nations cotton crop generated nearly $8.5 billion (now worth $224 Billion)  nearly triple the amount of money generated
    from the production of gold and silver in the united states in the previous
    century

To read the full blog please visit: urbaneffectblog.blogspot.com

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THE RISE AND FALL OF HARLEM: THE CONSPIRACY TO RETAKE HARLEM. FACT OR FICTION? PT 4

Let’s
jump for a second from the 1700’s to the late 1800’s and the early 1900’s when
blacks began to migrate from the south to the north, (Chicago, Philadelphia,
Detroit, and Baltimore, also to the west and the Midwest) but in particular
Harlem.

Now prior to the mass migration of blacks from
the south (between the years of 1910-1930) see
Hahn, Steven. A Nation Under Our Feet
(2003)
there was already the presence of a group of individuals that call themselves
Jews. (See Jeffery Gurock
: when Harlem was Jewish. 1870-1930 ) As this article or blog
continues we will see the importance of the European Jews and its relationship
(or secret relationship) with blacks in America. And whether or not they are or
were the primary(note: this writer used the word “primary” because this writer
is not going to advocate that the Jews or anyone else is the sole 100% reason
why black people do not control Harlem)  cause of the decline of Harlem. And did they
conspire to keep Harlem out of the hands of black people.

The
Jewish presence in New York City goes back to the 17th century. (According
to Joyce gold she stated the following “Harlem was once the third largest Jewish settlement in the
world, after Warsaw and the Lower East Side
.”   She teaches
New York history at New York University and the New School for Social Research)
The
European Jew specialized as auctioneers, bounty hunters, plantation owners,
they insured the slave vessels and other forms of business, but in particular they
mastered peddling, which became one of his most lucrative occupations. (Jews
grew from peddling on the streets to forming major department stores like Macys,
Gimbles, Blumstein’s, sears and etc) By 1915 one out of every four New Yorker
was a Jew and Jews represented between 8 and 10 percent of the population of
other urban centers like Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston and Baltimore.

But
aside from the stated above they also had a prime stake in real estate. German Jews
had long been established in the financial center of New York. By the time of
the post civil war they had amassed such wealth that they could offer backing
to the governments of both the union and the confederacy. (See avraham barkai:
branching out and finance the North American continent) By the 1900’s New York
City listed 60 Jewish millionaires. And the root of German Jewish financial
backing was clear, of 52 banking institutions in Berlin at the beginning of the
19th century, 30 were Jewish. (Another subject another time)

The
purpose of the previous two paragraphs is to (1) establish the presence of the
Jews in New York City, in particular Harlem and (2) to establish their
financial power in New York and in Harlem. Now let’s look at another side of
the Jewish / black relationship and how it relates to the social and economic
condition of Harlem.

 

Fyodor
Dostoyevsky (a Russian novelist 1821-1881, wrote “the diary of a writer”)
stated the following “they have already leaped en masse upon the millions of
liberated negroes and have already taken a grip upon them in their, the Jews,
own way by means of their everlasting gold pursuit and by taking advantage of
the inexperienced and vices of the exploited tribe…… the negroes are a treasure
for the Jews”

According
to Stuart Rockoff of the institute of southern Jewish life he stated the
following “the rural south started its decline around the time when African
Americans, the majority of whom had worked as agricultural laborers, began
migrating to seek industrial jobs in northern cities like Chicago (and New York)
because of their migration (black people) economic opportunity for Jewish
merchants, who had relied on African American as customers, diminished too, and
so the Jews started migrating to big cities as well” In 1898 Blumstein’s
department store opened up on 125st (75% of Blumstein’s sales were to African Americans but the company
refused to employ them as clerks or cashiers)

So
according to the above two paragraphs, the Jews depended on the patronage of
the black man and women. (Although he didn’t see fit to hire them as employees)
There economic survival depended on the black consumer, and you know there is a
thin line between a consumer and a producer. If black people become producers
and supported only one another? Then where would that leave the Jew?

Now as the black presence began to increase,
whites declined to rent to blacks or sell them their properties. If they did
rent to a black family they charged the black family nearly triple versus what
white people were paying. For example: a one room apartment rented to whites
for $40 a month, but the same one room apartment rented for $100-125 a month.

In or around 1901 there was a black real
estate entrepreneur by the name of Phillip Payton JR who’s company name was
afro-American realty company.  His
company, the Afro-American Realty Company, was almost single-handedly
responsible for migration of blacks from their previous neighborhoods,the Tenderloin, San Juan Hill (now the
site of Lincoln Center), Minetta Lane in Greenwich Village and Hell’s Kitchen
in the west 40s and 50s] The
move to northern Manhattan was driven in part by fears that anti-black riots
such as those that had occurred in the Tenderloin in 1900] and in San Juan Hill in 1905 might recur.

Between
1907 and 1915, some white residents of Harlem resisted the neighborhood’s
change, especially once the swelling black population pressed west of Lenox
Avenue which served as an informal color line until the early 1920s Some made
pacts not to sell to or rent to blacks.(that sounds like a conspiracy to me)  Others tried to buy property and evict black
tenants, but the Afro-American Realty Company retaliated by buying other
property and evicting whites. They also attempted to convince banks to deny
mortgages to black buyers, but soon gave up.

 

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The rise and fall of Harlem: the conspiracy to retake harlem. fact or fiction ? part three

The social
political and economic issues surrounding gentrification may seem like a new conflict,
but in fact gentrification (means when the rich take property from the poor)
goes back to 1626, when the Dutch conquered (or purchased for 60 Dutch
guilders, the equivalent of $24 or in some estimates $1000 dollars U.S. money,
but if the natives would have declined to sell it I wonder if Mr. Minuit would
have just walked away.) the area called Manhattan (today) from the Native
American tribe called The MANHATTANS or/and another tribe called the LENAPE.
The name Harlem derives from the Haarlem, located in the Netherlands. The first
Europeans to conquer this area called Harlem or/and Manhattan were the Dutch.
It was peter Minuit who purchased the area that is now called Manhattan (today)
on behalf of the Dutch west India
Company
. (More about them and the Dutch east India Company later)

(The origin of the word “gentrification” comes from the word “gentrify” which means “to renovate inner city housing to
middle class standards” gentrify
is a compound word broken down in the following manner: “gentry” + “fy”,  “gentry
means nobility of rank or/and
birth, also in character. “fy” is a suffix meaning to “make into” or/and “to
make, do’ / nobility or to be
noble is to be “illustrious, distinguished,
worthy of honor or respect and of superior
birth
./ Now here is the root of the problem in the issue of
“gentrification”(or in plain English the taken of land and property, the denial
of freedom, justice and equality)  It is
the mindset that another people believe that they are inherently superior to
another, so that gives them the birth right to just usurp another people from
their land, village or residency without regard to their future, culture and
well being. )

According to the history,
Harlem was only a village, or a settlement, founded by Hendricks (Henry) de Forest, Isaac de Forest, his brother,
and their sister Rachel de Forest, French Dutch immigrants in 1637. (See the
book: Ellis, Edward
Robb (1966). The Epic of New York City) The
settlement was officially formalized in 1658, known as Nieuw Haarlem. By the
last appointed director on behalf of the Dutch west India Company, peter
Stuyvesant. (Of course Bedford–Stuyvesant
in Brooklyn is named after peter
Stuyvesant also)

The Indian trail to Harlem’s
lush bottomland meadows was rebuilt by black laborers of the Dutch West India
Company and eventually developed into the Boston Post Road. (More than likely
in the Bronx) In 1664, the English took control of the New Netherland colony
and anglicized the name of the town to Harlem. On September 16, 1776,
the Battle of Harlem Heights,(this
battle was between the Americans and the British)  sometimes referred to as the Battle of
Harlem
or Battle of Harlem Plain, was fought in western Harlem around
the Hollow Way (now West 125th St.), with conflicts on Morningside Heights to
the south and Harlem Heights to the north.

Differences in conceptions of
property rights between the Europeans and the Lenape resulted in widespread
confusion among the Lenape and the eventual loss of their lands.
(Gentrification) After the Dutch arrival in the 1620s, the Lenape were
successful in restricting Dutch settlement until the 1660s to Pavonia in
present-day Jersey City along the Hudson. The Dutch finally established a
garrison at Bergen, which allowed settlement west of the Hudson within the
province of New Netherland.

“In the early 1680s, William
Penn and Quaker colonists created the English colony of Pennsylvania on the
Delaware River. In the decades immediately following, some 20,000 new colonists
arrived in the region, putting pressure on Lenape settlements and hunting
grounds. Although Penn endeavored to live peaceably with the Lenape and to
create a colony that would do the same, he also expected his authority and that
of the colonial government to take precedence. His new colony effectively
displaced the Lenape and forced others to adapt to new cultural demands. Penn
gained a reputation for uncommon benevolence and tolerance, but his efforts
resulted in more effective colonization of the ancestral Lenape homeland than
previous ones.” (See Historian James
O’Neil Spady)

In 1758 there was the treaty
of Easton, between the Lenape and the Anglo-American colonists, required the
Lenape to move westward, out
of present-day New York and New Jersey and into Pennsylvania, then Ohio and
beyond. Sporadically they continued to raid European-American settlers from far
outside the area. In 1778 there was another treaty called “the called treaty of
fort Pitt” (I guess we know what happened to that treaty)

The following is an excerpt
from the book west Virginia: A history for beginners.

Native
American Concept of Land

a major factor in the treaty disputes was Native Americans’ concept of land.
Indians fought among themselves over hunting rights to the territory but the
Native American idea of “right” to the land was very different from
the legalistic and individual nature of European ownership. John Alexander
Williams describes this in his book, West Virginia: A History for Beginners:

The Indians had no
concept of “private property,” as applied to the land. Only among the
Delaware’s was it customary for families, during certain times of the year, to
be assigned specific hunting territories. Apparently this was an unusual
practice, not found among other Indians. Certainly, the idea of an individual
having exclusive use of a particular piece of land was completely strange to
Native Americans.

The Indians practiced communal land ownership.
That is, the entire community owned the land upon which it lived…..

 

 

 

 

 

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The rise and fall of Harlem: the conspiracy to retake Harlem. Fact or Fiction? Part two

Although
the title of this little miniseries (or mini blog) is centered on a specific geographical
location, called Harlem, it is only a sign of what is or will come soon (if not
already) to other urban areas throughout America. So if they are not taken over
your city now through gentrification they
might be after you read this blog. 

A key word in the title of
this blog is “conspiracy “What is a conspiracy? [Note: there are several other different classes
or kinds of conspiracy. Civil conspiracy, criminal conspiracy and political
conspiracy] “an evil or surreptitious
plan formulated in secret by two or more persons “according to etymology (the
origins, history and meaning of words) the history and meaning of the word “surreptitious” is as follows: it is
from the mid 15 century from Latin “sur-rep-ti-cius” meaning stolen (or to steal) furtive (means
theft, robbery) or clandestine. From “sur-rep-tus” – “sur-ri-pere” to seize secretly. From sub- (meaning from
under)+rapere “to snatch”

So
has there ever been any known conspiracies to steal, snatch or/and seize a
people, place or thing? Or/and to exclude certain people from certain
activities? Well funny as it may seem 400+ years ago black people were stolen,
snatched and seized and dispersed throughout the western hemisphere by a
certain people. The so called Native Americans had their land snatched, stolen
and seized by a certain people. In South Africa the Africans had their land
snatched, stolen and seized from them by a certain group of people.  And today it appears that Harlem is about to
be snatched, stolen and seized from black people by a certain group of people. This
particular certain group of people seems to have one thing in common they all
classify themselves as either white, European or Caucasian. (By no means is
this a sweeping indictment of all white, European or Caucasian people)

The
purpose of this writer illustrating the said above is kill any rhetoric that
this writer is a conspiracy theorist or/and paranoid. This writer is a real-ist
that deals with the harsh realities of what is. It has always been stated that
history best qualifies to reward our re-search. Why? Because today is built off
of yesterday and tomorrow is built off today. Meaning, if we know what happened
yesterday, then we can intelligently analyze, discuss and assess it today and
not let the same thing go down today that went down yesterday. So therefore, if
white, European or Caucasians have a history of snatching, stealing or/and
seizing other peoples land (and other things) in an evil manner, then I have a
right to be suspicious about what is going on in Harlem today.

So what is the process that
is being used today to remove black people from their Mecca? It is called “Gentrification”.
What is Gentrification?  It refers to the changes that result when wealthier people
acquire property in low income and working class communities.

Urban gentrification causes the average income to increase (for
some). It is commonly believed (or known) that this results in the poorer
native residents of the neighborhood, being unable to pay increased rents,
house prices, and property taxes, being displaced. Taxes paid to the city go
up. Often old industrial buildings are converted to residences and shops. In
addition, new businesses, catering to a more affluent base of consumers, move
in, further increasing the appeal to more affluent migrants and decreasing the
accessibility to the poor. Urban
gentrification occasionally changes the culturally heterogeneous character of a
community to a more economically homogeneous community that some describe as
having a suburban character. This process is sometimes made feasible by government-sponsored private real estate
investment
. (The latter part is highlighted in bold to bring attention to a
question that was raised in part one. Which was, who is at fault for Harlem not
being owned and controlled by the blacks that reside in Harlem) that question
will be partly answered in part four (4) when we look at redlining. Part three
(3) will explore the origins of Harlem going back to 1637.

 

 

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The rise and fall of Harlem: the conspiracy to retake Harlem. Fact or Fiction? Part one

 

When one hears of Harlem New York, automatically Black People and culture comes to mind, in addition to Places like the cotton club, Lenox lounge, jazz lounges and Sylvia’s. People like madam CJ walker, Langston Hughes, Adam Clayton Powell and other notable personatilities. But last but not least the term Black Mecca comes to mind and un-consciously black ownership. What is Mecca? Mecca is one of the holiest cities located in Saudi Arabia to the Muslims. Well Harlem was (and still is) to black people what Mecca is to Muslims (or Arabs) our holy city. However what’s the difference between the Mecca in Saudi Arabia, in the east and the Mecca in Harlem, in the west.

The difference is Mecca (in the east) is flourished with businesses owned and operated by the Arab the people. However the Mecca (in the west) is flourished with businesses owned and operated by other (Arabs, Jews and Africans) people other than black people. With the exception of a few black owned businesses. (FYI when the term black people is used in this blog it is referring to the so called African American) [FYI stands for “For Your Information “ ]

The land or real estate in Mecca in the east is owned by the Arabs, the land or real estate in Mecca in the west is owned by others (mainly the Jews). But why is this situation present? Who is to blame? Is it other nationalities fault that Harlem isn’t owned and operated by black people? Or is it black people’s fault that we don’t own or operate anything in Harlem? Or are we both to blame? Or was it a conspiracy to deprive black people in Harlem (and elsewhere) the right to own and operate their own businesses? And ultimately control their own destiny. How did black ownership get swept from black people in Harlem? Why is it that black people do not control their own education in their own area? (All the above shall be answered in the blogs to come)

I was always taught that everything in existence is based on the law of Cause and Effect (or action and re-action). so therefore Before we can even engage in the conversation about who’s to blame we need to know the what (the history is of what is called Harlem today) where (did the name come from) when (was it named Harlem) who (who named it Harlem) and how (did we get to our present situation), we need to over-stand the beginning or the root of what is called Harlem today and work our way up to today. They say in order to understand the present and have a picture of the possible future you must know and over-stand the past. [ this writer uses the term ” over-stand or over-standing instead of under-stand or under-standing , because to under is to exist below a thing and over is to exist on top of a thing, so today we want to be on top of what has and is going on ]

  • Harlem stretches from the east river to the Hudson River, from 155th street to 110th street.
  • In the late 1960s, 60% of the businesses in Harlem were reportedly owned and operated by blacks and increasing. (From the book: the economic development of Harlem: by Thomas Vietorisz and Bennett Harrison.)
  • In 1910 the population of Harlem was estimated at 181,949. 9.89% black and 90.01% white.
  • In 1920 the population of Harlem was estimated at 216,026. 32.43% black and 67.47 white.
  • In 1930 the population of Harlem was estimated at 209,663. 70.18% black and 29.43 white.
  • In 1960 the population of Harlem was estimated at 163,632. 96.71% black and 2.94 white.
  • In 2006 the population of Harlem was estimated at 118,111. 69.27% black and 6.55 white. ( in 1980 the lowest % of whites living in Harlem had dropped to .62%, while blacks made up 94.17% of the population)

Stay tuned for in the next blog we will go into the very origins of this section or part called Harlem from the Native Americans to the Dutch settlers and onward.

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